STREICHER, JULIUS° (1885–1946), Nazi propagandist and antisemitic agitator, publisher of a crude antisemitic newspaper which characterized the Jews in quasi-pornographic fashion. Born in Fleinhausen, Swabia, Streicher was a teacher by profession. He was a founder of the German Socialist Party, which soon merged with the Nazi Party. Limited in his education, ambitious, and emotionally disturbed, he was enabled by the antisemitism of the Third Reich to give vent to his abnormal tendencies. In 1921 he founded the Nuremberg branch of the Nazi Party and participated in the attempt to remove Hitler from the party leadership. But he won Hitler's confidence by his participation in the Beer Hall Putsch (1923), which led to his arrest. In the same year Streicher founded der stuermer , a weekly which achieved a circulation of 500,000 copies. He became its editor only in 1935 and was its owner. Hitler appointed him Gauleiter of Franconia (1928–40). He was elected to the Reichstag, made a general in the SA (storm troops) in 1932, and was charged with organizing the annual party convention, the Nuremberg Rally. Despite all his titles, Streicher had no real influence on policy making. Many of the party's leaders loathed him and plotted against him and his newspaper. In 1939 he was forbidden to make speeches and from 1940 was confined to his estate, Pleikershof. However, Streicher was esteemed by academic circles engaged in the "scientific" development of antisemitism. He achieved his fame and influence as a result of his fanatical incitement against the Jews. In hundreds of articles in Der Stuermer and in his speeches, in which he portrayed the Jews as the devil, the enemies of humanity, inferior beings, and dangerous germs, Streicher demanded their total extermination. He organized the economic boycott of the Jews (April 1, 1933), and his sadistic depictions of Jews in Der Stuermer as "defilers of the race" prepared the ground for the nuremberg laws (1935). Even before kristallnacht (1938), Streicher presided over the destruction of the Nuremberg synagogue, and on the morrow of the riots (Nov. 10, 1938) publicly justified it. Captured in 1945, after a period of hiding in disguise, he was brought before the Nazi war criminal court at Nuremberg and sentenced to death under the Crimes Against Humanity clause for his part in the preparation of German public opinion to accept the "Final Solution." He was hanged in October 1946. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: L.W. Bondy, Racketeers of Hatred (1946); E. Davidson, Trial of the Germans (1966), 39–58; G.M. Gilbert, Nuremberg Diary (1947), 301–6; R. Hilberg, Destruction of the European Jews (1961), index. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: R.L. Bytwerk, Julius Streicher (1983). (Nathan Feinberg / Michael Berenbaum (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Streicher, Julius — (1885 1946)    politician; the Republic s most notori ous anti Semite. Born near Augsburg in the Swabian village of Fleinhausen, he was the ninth child in a strict Catholic* family. Like his father, he trained as a primary school (Volksschule)… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Streicher, Julius — 1885–1946    Streicher was one of the most violent and crude Jew baiters of the Nazi Party. His career began when he helped to found the Nuremberg German Socialist Party immediately following World War I. This party was a major rival of HITLER’s… …   Who’s Who in World War Two

  • Streicher, Julius — born Feb. 22, 1885, Fleinhausen, Ger. died Oct. 16, 1946, Nürnberg, W.Ger. German Nazi demagogue and politician. He joined the Nazi Party in 1921 and became a friend of Adolf Hitler. In 1923 he founded the anti Semitic weekly Der Stürmer, which… …   Universalium

  • Streicher, Julius — (22 feb. 1885, Fleinhansen, Alemania–16 oct. 1946, Nuremberg, Alemania Occidental). Demagogo y político nazi alemán. Se unió al Partido Nazi en 1921 y entabló amistad con Adolf Hitler. En 1923 fundó el semanario antisemita Der Stürmer, que… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Streicher, Julius — (1885–1946)    See Sturmer, Der; Nuremberg Trials …   Historical dictionary of the Holocaust

  • Julius Streicher — (12 de febrero de 1885 16 de octubre de 1946) fue un militar y nazi relevante antes de y durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Era el editor del diario de ideología nacionalsocialista Der St …   Wikipedia Español

  • Julius Streicher — au procès de Nuremberg Naissance 12 février 1885 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Julius — /joohl yeuhs/, n. a male given name: a Roman family name. * * * (as used in expressions) Agricola Gnaeus Julius Caesar Gaius Julius Cohn Ferdinand Julius Cohnheim Julius Friedrich Erving Julius Winfield Frontinus Sextus Julius Fuchs Emil Klaus… …   Universalium

  • Julius — (as used in expressions) Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus Gaius Julius Caesar Cohn, Ferdinand (Julius) Cohnheim, Julius Friedrich Erving, Julius (Winfield) Scaliger, Julius Caesar y Joseph Justus Fuchs, (Emil) Klaus (Julius) Geiger, Theodor Julius… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Streicher — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Streicher est un patronyme porté notamment par : Henri Streicher ; Julius Streicher ; Ludwig Streicher. Catégorie : Homonymie …   Wikipédia en Français

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